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MILITARY INTERVENTION AND PROSPECTS FOR DEMOCRATIZATION

Frederic S. Pearson, Scott Walker and Stephanie Stern
International Journal of Peace Studies
Vol. 11, No. 2 (Autumn/Winter 2006), pp. 63-86
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41852946
Page Count: 24
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MILITARY INTERVENTION AND PROSPECTS FOR DEMOCRATIZATION
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Abstract

Even before the Iraq war of 2003, a body of literature was developing concerning the possibility of implanting democracy in developing states. Recent works by Mark Peceny (1999a and 1999b) suggest that those U.S. military interventions that specifically promote "free and fair elections" have frequently resulted in remarkably resilient new democracies. We empirically evaluate the track record of liberalizing interventions, focusing on countries Peceny deems to be cases of successfully imposed democracy. We find that when factors such as human, political, and civil rights, as well as judicial independence are used as measures of democratic success, the "forcing them to be free" strategy does not clearly emerge as an agent for democratic transformation.

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