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Processing and Retrieval of Inferences and Descriptive Advertising Information: The Effects of Message Elaboration

Sarah Fisher Gardial, David W. Schumann, Ed Petkus, Jr. and Russell Smith
Journal of Advertising
Vol. 22, No. 1 (Mar., 1993), pp. 25-34
Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4188868
Page Count: 10
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Processing and Retrieval of Inferences and Descriptive Advertising Information: The Effects of Message Elaboration
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Abstract

Two issues make advertising effectiveness difficult to assess: (1) advertising effects occur both during ad processing and when ad information is retrieved, and (2) the information that consumers derive from advertisements is likely to be some combination of explicit information and inferences. The study reported in this paper addresses these issues, examining the effects of encoding and time delay on advertising processing. Results indicate that while some types of inferences (product features) are more likely to be made under strong than weak encoding conditions, other types of inferences (consumption situation) are not affected by encoding. In addition, at the time of a decision (after a time delay), memory information use depends both upon individual brand accessibility and the relative accessibility of alternative brands in the memory set. Implications for both advertising researchers and managers are offered.

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