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IGNEOUS LITHICS OF CENTRAL ARKANSAS: IDENTIFICATION, SOURCES, AND ARTIFACT DISTRIBUTION

Martha Ann Rolingson and J. Michael Howard
Southeastern Archaeology
Vol. 16, No. 1 (Summer 1997), pp. 33-50
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41890364
Page Count: 18
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IGNEOUS LITHICS OF CENTRAL ARKANSAS: IDENTIFICATION, SOURCES, AND ARTIFACT DISTRIBUTION
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Abstract

Lamprophyres, syenites, trachytes, and magnetite are distinctive, have limited outcrops in the West Gulf Coastal Plain and adjacent Ouachita Mountains of central Arkansas and have well documented characteristics that make accurate identification possible. The central Arkansas igneous suite was used as a local resource in the Plum Bayou culture region for production ofboatstones, plummets, celts, hammerstones and abraders. They were also traded widely throughout the Lower Mississippi Valley and Trans-Mississippi South. Artifacts made on these materials are present on sites as early as the Middle Archaic and continue for nearly 5000 years to the beginning of the Early Mississippi period.

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