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ADMINISTRATION, JUSTICE ET DROIT ADMINISTRATIF

JEAN-LOUIS MESTRE
Annales historiques de la Révolution française
No. 328, LA RÉVOLUTION ET LE DROIT (Avril/juin 2002), pp. 61-75
Published by: Armand Colin
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41916680
Page Count: 15
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ADMINISTRATION, JUSTICE ET DROIT ADMINISTRATIF
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Abstract

Condamnant la confusion traditionnelle des pouvoirs, la Constituante s'est prononcée en faveur de la séparation des fonctions administratives et judiciaires. Elle a mis fin au contrôle de la validité de certains actes administratifs par les juges, a interdit aux juges d'entreprendre sur les tâches des administrateurs et subordonné la mise en cause des responsabilités pénale et civile des administrateurs à l'accord des autorités administratives supérieures. Elle a confié à des organes administratifs le règlement de l'essentiel du contentieux administratif. Ces choix ne résultent cependant pas d'une pure logique deductive, mais de la volonté politique de protéger les nouvelles administrations. In rejecting the traditional mix of powers, the Constitutional Assembly came out in favour of the separation of the civil service and the judiciary. They put an end to the practice whereby judges could vet the validity of certain administrative actions, banned judicial interference in the tasks of administrators and subordinated their penal and civil accountability to the upper echelons of the administration. They charged civil service boards with the task of settling administrative disputes. These choices, however, did not result from pure deductive logic but from the political will to protect the new government departments.

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