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Locating Risk in Individual Behaviour: Discourse of HIV/AIDS, Harm Reduction and Injecting Drug Users in Bangladesh
Vol. 42, No. 2 (July - December 2012), pp. 19-33
Published by: Indian Anthropological Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41922304
Page Count: 15
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This paper describes how policies of individual behaviour change reflect the discursive structure of HIV/AIDS, which blames Injecting Drug Users (IDU) for transmitting the disease. Drawing on data from literature review and primary sources, it shows that individual behaviour is influenced by structural factors. IDUs are stigmatized in society, which in turn deprives them from access to potential rights and services. While recognizing that harm reduction interventions are important, the argument made is that the discourse portrays the IDUs as blameworthy, and thereby obscures structural factors. Unless these are addressed, injecting drug users living with HIV/AIDS will suffer structural violence, while the state will be allowed to evade the onus of addressing the structure within which risk per se is produced.
Indian Anthropologist © 2012 Indian Anthropological Association