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A Protein Kinase, Calcineurin B-Like Protein-Interacting Protein Kinase9, Interacts with Calcium Sensor Calcineurin B-Like Protein3 and Regulates Potassium Homeostasis under Low-Potassium Stress in Arabidopsis
Li-Li Liu, Hui-Min Ren, Li-Qing Chen, Yi Wang and Wei-Hua Wu
Vol. 161, No. 1 (January 2013), pp. 266-277
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41942681
Page Count: 12
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Plants, Phenotypes, Fluorescence, Plant roots, Homeostasis, Plant cells, Tonoplast, Calcium, Sensors, Gene expression regulation
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Potassium (K⁺) is an essential macronutrient for plant growth and development. Previous studies have demonstrated that Calcineurin B-Like Proteinl (CBL1) or CBL9 and CBL-Interacting Protein Kinase23 (CIPK23) regulate K⁺ uptake in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) roots by modulating K⁻ channel Arabidopsis K⁺ Transporterl. In this study, we show that the protein kinase CIPK9 interacts with the calcium sensor CBL3 and plays crucial roles in K⁺ homeostasis under low-K⁺ stress in Arabidopsis. Arabidopsis wild-type plants showed leaf chlorotic symptoms when grown for 10 d on low-K⁺ (100 µm) medium. Here, we show that plants lacking CIPK9 displayed a tolerant phenotype to low-K⁺ stress, which still maintained green leaves when the wild-type plants showed typical K⁺-deficient symptoms. Overexpressing lines of CIPK9 resulted in a low-K⁺-sensitive phenotype compared with wild-type plants. Furthermore, CBL2 and CBL3 were identified as upstream regulators of CIPK9. Both CBL2-and CBL3-overexpressing lines displayed similar low-K⁺-sensitive phenotypes and K⁺ contents to CIPK9-overexpressing lines. However, only cbl3 mutant plants, but not cbl2 mutant plants, showed the low-K⁺-tolerant phenotype similar to cipk9 mutants. Taken together, these results demonstrate that CIPK9 and CBL3 work together and function in K⁻ homeostasis under low-K⁺ stress in Arabidopsis.
Plant Physiology © 2013 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)