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Local Sustainability Policies and Programs As Economic Development: Is the New Economic Development Sustainable Development?
Kent E. Portney
Vol. 15, No. 1, Climate Change and City Hall (2013), pp. 45-62
Published by: US Department of Housing and Urban Development
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41958956
Page Count: 18
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Sustainable economic development, Sustainable cities, Sustainable development, Sustainable growth, Environmental policy, Economic growth models, Economic development, Ecological sustainability, Economic growth, Sustainable economies
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Common wisdom suggests that local efforts to protect or improve the biophysical environment will inevitably undermine efforts to engage in economic development. Using research on the effects of smart growth and the Environmental Kuznets Curve as the foundation, this article examines the empirical relationship between cities' pursuit of sustainability and their economic growth. Results suggest that cities that take sustainability policies and programs the most seriously, particularly if they have relatively large "creative class" populations, tend to be the cities that have experienced the greatest growth in personal incomes since 1990. Cities that have done the least to pursue sustainability tend to have experienced the least growth in personal incomes, which is taken as evidence that a new model of local economic growth may well be emerging—a model that emphasizes quality of life as a driver of economic development.
Cityscape © 2013 US Department of Housing and Urban Development