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ETHNOBOTANY OF RHODIOLA ROSEA (CRASSULACEAE) IN NORWAY

Torbjørn Alm
SIDA, Contributions to Botany
Vol. 21, No. 1 (20 August 2004), pp. 321-344
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41969014
Page Count: 24
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ETHNOBOTANY OF RHODIOLA ROSEA (CRASSULACEAE) IN NORWAY
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Abstract

Rhodiola rosea is a widespread species in Norway. It is well known in Norwegian folk tradition, with a variety of vernacular names, of which many reflect its traditional uses. Past use as a cure for scurvy in cattle may explain names with the prefix kalv-("calf"). Its widespread use as a hair wash is also reflected in vernacular names. In the past, Rhodiola was planted on turf roofs to protect them from fire, i.e. as an apotropaic (supposedly averting evil forces); this tradition is documented as early as the 13th century. Rosenrot Rhodiola rosea er en vanlig og vidt utbredt art i Norge. Den er vel kjent i folketradisjonen, med en lang rekke folkelige navn. En god del av disse gjenspeiler artens tradisjonelle bruksomrâder. Bruk som et botemiddel mot skjorbuk hos kyr kan forklare de mange navnene pâ kalv. Den f littige bruken til hârvask gàr likeens igjen i mange lokale navn. Tidligere ble rosenrot of te plantet pâ tovtak for à beskytte dem mot brann, dvs. som er vernerâd; denne tradisjonen er dokumentert allerede pá 1200-tallet.

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