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Sa'neh ou le désert des Tartares: un camp oublié du Limes arabicus

Maurice Lenoir
Syria
T. 80 (2003), pp. 139-150
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4199434
Page Count: 12
Topics: Tours, Wadis, Forts, Communes
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Sa'neh ou le désert des Tartares: un camp oublié du Limes arabicus
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Abstract

Malgré les excellentes photographies aériennes publiées par A. Poidebard, le camp de Sa'neh est demeuré méconnu. Plusieurs visites sur le site, effectuées par l'auteur et d'autres collègues, ont permis d'établir le plan d'un camp carré, d'une superficie de 0,75 ha, muni de tours arrondies aux angles; deux portes sont situées au centre des côtés est et ouest. Des principia réduits mais de plan classique occupent le centre de la moitié nord. On peut identifier dans la moitié sud des casernements symétriques, une citerne au nord-ouest; dans le quart nord-est, un espace vide peut remplir le rôle d'un caravansérail. Les ramassages de céramique, peu abondants, permettent d'attribuer hypothétiquement la construction du camp à l'époque sévérienne et de dater son abandon avant le milieu du ve siècle. /// In spite of the excellent aerial photographs published by A. Poidebard, the camp of Sa'neh remained unrecognized. Several visits on the site by the author and other colleagues allowed to draw the plan of a square camp with a surface of 0,75 ha, provided with rounded towers in the corners. Two doors are located in the middle of the eastern and western sides. The principia, reduced but of a classic pattern, take place in the middle of the northern half. Symmetrical barrack blocks can be identified in the southern half, and a cistern at northwest; in the northeast quarter, an empty space could play the role of a caravanserai. Scarce pieces of ceramics collected allow to place hypothetically the construction of the camp in the Severian period and its abandoning before the middle of the 5th cent. /// (Unicode for Arabic abstract).

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