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Institutions and Technological Development in Korea: The Role of the Presidency

Sung Deuk Hahm and L. Christopher Plein
Comparative Politics
Vol. 28, No. 1 (Oct., 1995), pp. 55-76
DOI: 10.2307/421997
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/421997
Page Count: 22
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Institutions and Technological Development in Korea: The Role of the Presidency
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Abstract

Neoclassical and developmental state approaches have underestimated the importance of institutions, regime dynamics, and coalitions in explaining industrial development. To refine new theoretical frameworks, studies of specific policy areas are needed. In the evolution of presidential involvement in technology policy in Korea, technical, economic, and social forces have combined to erode the president's absolute power over policy direction. Korean presidents are now more receptive to technology policy concerns and enlist advice beyond their inner circle. With democratization, presidential success will increasingly rely on the ability to act as broker among different, contending interests. Such important institutional shifts must be considered in explaining the dynamics of the development state.

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