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Herbert's Reversal of Asimov's Vision Reassessed: "Foundation's Edge" and "God Emperor of Dune" La révision de la vision d'Asimov chez Herbert: un réexamen d'après "Foundation's Edge" et "God Emperor of Dune"

John L. Grigsby
Science Fiction Studies
Vol. 11, No. 2 (Jul., 1984), pp. 174-180
Published by: SF-TH Inc
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4239616
Page Count: 7
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Herbert's Reversal of Asimov's Vision Reassessed: "Foundation's Edge" and "God Emperor of Dune" La révision de la vision d'Asimov chez Herbert: un réexamen d'après "Foundation's Edge" et "God Emperor of Dune"
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Abstract

La disparité dont j'ai fait état antérieurement (voir SFS no 24) entre la vision personnelle qui informe les "Fondation" d'Asimov et celle qui soutend la série "Dune" de F. Herbert se prolonge dans ce qui est devenu aujourd'hui deux tétralogies. Dans "Foundation's Edge," Asimov n'a pas répudié sa foi dans la science mentale et dans la technologie, il est simplement passé des psycho-historiens de la Seconde Fondation et des physiciens de la Première au monde idéal de Gaïa, utopie d'harmonie ultime dirigée par des robots (c.-à-d. par la technologie) ou par un déterminisme universel à la Skinner (voir Walden II), lequel en effet met à jour la science mentale ou la théorie du contrôle psychique pour se substituer à la psycho-histoire. En contraste, "God Emperor of Dune," dernier volet des "Dune" de F. Herbert, montre Léto II avoir délibérément recours à des moyens psychiques et techniques d'oppression pour provoquer la révolte contre ses manipulations et son contrôle machinique. Son but est ici d'enseigner à son peuple les motifs et les moyens de se libérer d'une telle oppression afin qu'ils vivent comme le doivent des humains sans les contraintes d'un déterminisme Skinnerien ou d'une domination des machines. /// The disparity which I previously identified (in SFS No. 24) between the personal vision that informs Asimov's "Foundation" books and that underlying Frank Herbert's "Dune" books carries over into those series as tetralogies. In "Foundation's Edge," Asimov has not repudiated his faith in mental science and technology; he has simply shifted it from the psychohistorians of the Second Foundation and the physical scientists of the First to the ideal world of Gaia, a utopia of ultimate harmony guided either by robots (i.e., technology) or by a Skinnerian universal determinism à la Walden II (which in effect updates mental science, or psychological control theory, to replace psychohistoricism). By contrast, in the latest addition to his "Dune" series, "God Emperor of Dune," Herbert's Leto II deliberately resorts to psychological and technological means of oppression to provoke revolt against his psychological manipulation and machine control. His aim is to teach his people the why and how of freeing themselves from such control: that they might live as humankind should, without the set limits of Skinnerian determinism and/or machine domination.

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