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Challenges to Using Neem (Azadirachta indica Var. sianensis Valenton) in Thailand

Ven M. Tran and Jim A. Perry
Economic Botany
Vol. 57, No. 1 (Spring, 2003), pp. 93-102
Published by: Springer on behalf of New York Botanical Garden Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4256645
Page Count: 10
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Challenges to Using Neem (Azadirachta indica Var. sianensis Valenton) in Thailand
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Abstract

The use of botanical insecticides based on the neem seed (Azadirachta indica var. siamensis Valeton) shows strong potential in the fight against important agricultural pests. Unfortunately, its use in rural Thailand is extremely limited. This study examines the efficacy of neem extracts processed under rural conditions; identifies factors that influence local farmers' adoption of neem products; and proposes recommendations to promote the use of neem insecticides. The principal findings are: in field trials conducted under typical rural conditions, neem did not adequately control major pests of yard-long beans (Vigna sesquipedalis); and intensity of vegetable production, knowledge of neem insecticides and availability and accessibility of neem products strongly influence farmers' adoption of neem products for pest control. /// Shows starkes Potential im Kampf gegen wichtige landwirtschaftliche Schädlinge. Leider wird seine Verwendung in ländlichem Thailand sehr beschränkt. Dieses Studium untersucht die Wirksamkeit von neem-Auszügen, die unter ländlichen Bedingungen verarbeitet wird; identifiziert Faktoren, die örtliche Bauern Adoption von neem-Produkten beeinflussen; und schlägt Empfehlungen vor, die Verwendung von neem-Insektengiften zu fördern. Der Haupt Tatbestand ist: in Feld-Versuchen, die unter typischen ländlichen Bedingungen durchgeführt werden, kontrollierten neem keine bedeutende Schädlinge Yard-langer Bohnen hinreichend (Vigna sesquipedalis); und Intensität Pflanzen Produktion, Wissen von neem-Insektengiften und Erhältlichkeit und Zugänglichkeit von neem-Produkten beeinflußt Bauern stark' Adoption von neem-Produkten für Schädlingsbekämpfung.

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