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The Effects of Amino Acids and Ammonium on the Growth of Plant Cells in Suspension Culture

Oluf L. Gamborg
Plant Physiology
Vol. 45, No. 4 (Apr., 1970), pp. 372-375
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4261993
Page Count: 4
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Effects of Amino Acids and Ammonium on the Growth of Plant Cells in Suspension Culture
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Abstract

A suspension culture of soybean (Glycine max L.) was grown on a defined medium in which the nitrogen sources were nitrate (25 mM) and ammonium (2 mM). The cells did not grow on nitrate unless the medium was supplemented with ammonium or glutamine. The L- and D-isomers of 12 amino acids tested singly could not replace ammonium. Most amino acids (4 mM) inhibited growth when the cells were cultured on nitrate and ammonium. Cells from five other plants (Reseda luteoli L.; Triticum monococcum L.; flax, Linum usitatissimum L.; horseradish, Amoracia lapathifolia Gilib; Haplopappus gracilis L.) grew on the defined medium with nitrate (25 mM) as the sole nitrogen source. Higher cell yields were obtained when ammonium (2 mM) or glutamine also was present. Supplementing the defined medium with high concentrations of ammonium (20 mM) inhibited growth of soybean, Haplopappus, and wheat cells. Addition of citrate (5 mM) relieved the inhibitory effects of ammonium in soybean and wheat cells but not in the Haplopappus cells.

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