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High Resolution of Peroxidase-Indoleacetic Acid Oxidase Isoenzymes from Horseradish by Isoelectric Focusing

Merrill C. Hoyle
Plant Physiology
Vol. 60, No. 5 (Nov., 1977), pp. 787-793
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4265085
Page Count: 7
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
High Resolution of Peroxidase-Indoleacetic Acid Oxidase Isoenzymes from Horseradish by Isoelectric Focusing
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Abstract

Several improved techniques for isoelectric focusing of isoenzymes in polyacrylamide gel slabs were developed. Using these techniques, three commercial sources of horseradish peroxidase were each examined with three commercial sources of carrier ampholytes to determine their respective isoenzyme profiles. A much higher degree of isoenzyme resolution was obtained than reported previously. A composite of all of the various tests gave a total of 42 peroxidase isoenzymes. Commercial sources of horseradish peroxidase showed many similarities in their isoenzyme patterns, but their differences were sufficient to recognize each source easily. Isoenzyme patterns for all three sources spanned the entire pH range with all three sources of wide range carrier ampholytes. Only a few isoenzymes stained darkly. Most isoenzymes stained moderately to lightly, but all were well resolved. Gels stained for indoleacetic acid oxidase activity showed the same pattern as gels stained for peroxidase activity. This was true for all three commerial sources of the enzyme. The isoenzyme patterns obtained in each run were entirely reproducible, and linear pH gradients were obtained in all cases. Limitations in the pH range of the wide range carrier ampholytes relative to the isoelectric points of the extreme anodic and cathodic isoenzymes led to the adoption of a modified definition of focusing time. In addition, the labeling of isoenzymes commonly used in electrophoresis was adapted for labeling isoenzymes resolved by isoelectric focusing.

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