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On the Resistance to Transpiration of the Sites of Evaporation within the Leaf
Graham D. Farquhar and Klaus Raschke
Vol. 61, No. 6 (Jun., 1978), pp. 1000-1005
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4265346
Page Count: 6
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Transpiration, Evaporation, Leaves, Water vapor, Helium, Mesophyll, Plants, Stomata, Epidermis, Pressure
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The rates of transpiration from the upper and lower surfaces of leaves of Gossypium hirsutum, Xanthium strumarium, and Zea mays were compared with the rates at which helium diffused across those leaves. There was no evidence for effects of CO2 concentration or rate of evaporation on the resistance to water loss from the evaporating surface ("resistance of the mesophyll wall to transpiration") and no evidence for any significant wall resistance in turgid tissues. The possible existence of a wall resistance was also tested in leaves of Commelina communis and Tulipa gesneriana whose epidermis could be easily peeled. Only when an epidermis was removed from a leaf, evaporation from the mesophyll tissue declined. We conclude that under conditions relevant to studies of stomatal behavior, the water vapor pressure at the sites of evaporation is equal to the saturation vapor pressure.
Plant Physiology © 1978 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)