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Light or Ethylene Treatments Induce Transverse Cell Enlargement in Etiolated Maize Mesocotyls

Pamela J. Camp and James L. Wickliff
Plant Physiology
Vol. 67, No. 1 (Jan., 1981), pp. 125-128
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4266599
Page Count: 4
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Light or Ethylene Treatments Induce Transverse Cell Enlargement in Etiolated Maize Mesocotyls
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Abstract

Dark-grown maize seedlings (hybrid WF-9 × 38-11) exposed for 1 or more hours to white light and then returned to darkness developed mesocotyls with enlarged apical diameters. This swelling response was an all-or-none response, and the fraction of the seedling population that showed the response depended on seedling age at irradiation. Irradiation of the coleoptile alone was nearly as effective in causing this response as was irradiation of the nodal region of the epicotyl, but irradiation of the mesocotyl base was ineffective. Removal of the coleoptile prior to irradiation did not prevent the formation of the light-induced swelling. Exogenously applied C2H4 (10 microliters per liter) for 24 hours in dark also induced swelling of the mesocotyl. The swelling induced in the intact seedlings was localized in the apical mesocotyl tissues with either light or C2H4 treatment, and maximal response to both treatments occurred with 3- to 4-day-old seedlings. Swelling of the mesocotyl was the result of transverse cell enlargement, not increase of cell numbers. The evidence suggests that light and C2H4 induce mesocotyl swelling in intact maize shoots by a common mechanism.

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