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Metabolism of Cytokinin: Deribosylation of Cytokinin Ribonucleoside by Adenosine Nucleosidase from Wheat Germ Cells

Chong-maw Chen and Susan M. Kristopeit
Plant Physiology
Vol. 68, No. 5 (Nov., 1981), pp. 1020-1023
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4267040
Page Count: 4
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Metabolism of Cytokinin: Deribosylation of Cytokinin Ribonucleoside by Adenosine Nucleosidase from Wheat Germ Cells
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Abstract

Adenosine nucleosidase (adenosine ribohydrolase, EC 3.2.2.7) which catalyzes the deribosylation of $\text{N}^{6}-(\Delta ^{2}$-isopentenyl)adenosine and adenosine to form the corresponding bases was partially purified from wheat germ. This enzyme (molecular weight 59,000 ± 3,000) deribosylates the ribonucleosides at an optimum pH of 4.7. Km values for the cytokinin nucleoside and adenosine are 2.38 and 1.43 micromolar, respectively, in 50 millimolar Tris-citrate buffer (pH 4.7) at 30 C. The presence of adenosine and other cytokinin nucleosides inhibited the hydrolysis of $\text{N}^{6}-(\Delta ^{2}$-isopentenyl)adenosine but this reaction was insensitive to guanosine, uridine, or 3′-deoxyadenosine. It is hypothesized that an adequate level of "active cytokinin" in plant cells may be provided through the deribosylation of cytokinin riboside in concert with other cytokinin metabolic enzymes.

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