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1992 : Non-événement ? Echéance décisive ?

Philippe MOREAU DEFARGES
Politique étrangère
Vol. 53, No. 1 (PRINTEMPS 1988), pp. 173-182
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42672448
Page Count: 10
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1992 : Non-événement ? Echéance décisive ?
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Abstract

L'échéance du « grand marché intérieur » (1992) est attendue comme une promesse et une menace. Cependant, semble-t-il, le plus important est ailleurs, dans le processus quasiment irréversible d'internationalisation des économies développées et des entreprises. Il n'en reste pas moins que, pour l'Europe, la période 1988-1992 est lourde d'enjeux majeurs, dont la solution conditionne l'avènement d'un réel marché unique : élimination (peu probable) des frontières fiscales ; capacité (inégale) de définir des normes européennes ; ouverture des marchés publics (largement imposée par la globalisation de la compétition) ; liberté des services, eux aussi attirés dans une concurrence sans rivages ; recherche d'un équilibre Nord-Sud au sein de la Communauté. The coming into existence of a « single European market » in 1992 is an event awaited with a mixture of eager anticipation and dread. However, it would appear to be of lesser importance than the hard to reverse trend towards internationalisation both of economies and companies which is occuring in the developed countries. But this does not diminish the major problems which remain to be solved before 1992 if the creation of a real single market is to be achieved : the elimination (improbable) of fiscal frontiers ; the ability (uneven) to conform to European standards ; creation of public markets (necessitated by total freedom of competition) ; freedom of services, which will also be attracted by frontier-free competition ; the quest for a means of redressing the North-South imbalance within the Community.

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