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Glycolate Formation and Excretion by Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Netrium digitus
Lester O. Krampitz and C. E. Yarris
Vol. 72, No. 4 (Aug., 1983), pp. 1084-1087
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4268170
Page Count: 4
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Conditions are described whereby suspensions of Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Netrium digitus photosynthetically biosynthesize and excrete glycolate continuously in high yields. Aminooxyacetic acid, an inhibitor of pyridoxal phosphate-linked enzymes, increased the excretion of glycolate approximately 4-fold in 1 hour (8 millimolar) and 20-fold in 4 hours (40 millimolar) in the presence of 0.2% CO2 in air. The amount of glycolate excreted in the presence of aminooxyacetate and an atmosphere of 0.2% CO2 in air equaled or exceeded the amount excreted in 0.2% CO2 in O2 minus aminooxyacetate. CO2 and light were required for glycolate excretion. Aminooxyacetate also stimulated photosynthetic glycolate excretion in an atmosphere of 0.2% CO2 in nitrogen or helium, although the stimulation was not as great as when air or O2 was present. The excreted glycolate was converted to H2 and CO2 by the combined action of glycolic oxidase and the formic hydrogenlyase complex found in Escherichia coli in total conversion yields of 80%.
Plant Physiology © 1983 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)