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Light Affects Flagellar Agglutinability in Chlamydomonas eugametos by Modification of the Agglutinin Molecules

Ron Kooijman, Piet de Wildt, Wieger L. Homan, Alan Musgrave and Herman van den Ende
Plant Physiology
Vol. 86, No. 1 (Jan., 1988), pp. 216-223
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4271110
Page Count: 8
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Light Affects Flagellar Agglutinability in Chlamydomonas eugametos by Modification of the Agglutinin Molecules
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Abstract

The effect of light on the sexual competence of a light-sensitive mating type minus strain (mt-) of Chlamydomonas eugametos obtained by crossing a light-sensitive mating type plus strain (mt+) with a light-insensitive mt- strain is described. As previously demonstrated for the mt+ parent, this study of one of the mt- offspring shows that (a) a light-sensitive mechanism affects flagellar agglutinability in a rapid process that does not require protein synthesis; (b) only the activity of the flagellar agglutinins (glycoproteins responsible for agglutination) is susceptible to light while agglutinins on the cell body surface are not affected by light. We further demonstrate that (a) membrane vesicles naturally released from nonagglutinable dark gametes remain inactive. Extracts of these vesicles also remain inactive even though they contain agglutinin-like components; (b) inactive mt- agglutinin is present in extracts of flagella from nonagglutinable dark gametes by comparison of its chromatographic, electrophoretic, and immunogenic properties with those of active agglutinin. When purified of all other flagellar proteins, it remains inactive; (c) a monoclonal antibody directed against the sexual agglutination site of the mt- agglutintin discriminates between active and inactive agglutinins when present in a native state on the flagellar surface, but is unable to discriminate between them when they are denatured in sodium dodecyl sulfate-electrophoresis gels and blotted onto nitrocellulose. Taken collectively these observations suggest that light activation involves the chemical modification of the agglutinins in situ on the flagellar surface.

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