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Comparative Analysis of Polyadenylated RNA Complexity in Soybean Hypocotyl Tissue and Cultured Suspension Cells

Thomas H. Ulrich and Joe L. Key
Plant Physiology
Vol. 86, No. 2 (Feb., 1988), pp. 482-490
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4271162
Page Count: 9
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Comparative Analysis of Polyadenylated RNA Complexity in Soybean Hypocotyl Tissue and Cultured Suspension Cells
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Abstract

Growth parameters of suspension culture cells of soybean (Glycine max L.) were compared between cells grown in medium with (+) auxin and without (-) auxin. Growth rates were greater for (+) auxin cells. Cells transferred to (-) auxin medium primarily expanded in size while (+) auxin cells initially divided and then expanded. Two methods were used to estimate polyadenylated RNA sequence complexity. Kinetic analysis gave a sum of component complexity values of 36,000 and 64,000 diverse poly(A) RNA sequences of about 1,400 nucleotides in (+) and (-) auxin grown cells, respectively. The most striking difference between these cell populations was the increase in the poly(A) RNA sequence complexity in cells grown in medium without auxin. RNA complexities were also determined by the saturation of 'single' copy DNA by poly(A) RNAs from (+) and (-) auxin suspension cells. These saturation studies estimated the total complexity of (+) and (-) auxin suspension cells as 41,000 and 57,000 diverse sequences, respectively. Suspension cells in auxin-depleted medium produced about 20,000 more diverse sequences than (+) auxin cells. Comparisons of poly(A) complexities were also made among auxin-treated and untreated hypocotyl cells from the intact plant relative to suspension culture cells. Mixed populations of poly(A) RNA from these tissues and cells allowed the determination of shared sequences among them. When all combinations of poly(A) RNA were mixed, the percentage of 'single' copy DNA that saturated was equivalent to diverse sequence complexity estimates of about 60,000. When mixed poly(A) RNA from suspension cells from (+) and (-) auxin medium were compared, they shared about 40,000 sequences and (-) auxin cells contained an additional 20,000. Both (+) and (-) tissue culture cells shared a subset of about 20,000 sequences with cells from (+) and (-) auxin treated hypocotyl. A third subset of about 20,000 sequences was shared by (-) auxin suspension cells and hypocotyl treated with or without auxin, a subset most of which were not shared by (+) auxin suspension cells. Kinetic and saturation data estimates of poly(A) RNA complexity compared favorably and indicated that exogenous auxin treatment can dramatically alter the complexity of all classes of poly(A) RNAs in cultured cells.

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