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L'islam aux États-Unis : une nouvelle religion publique ?

Malika Zeghal
Politique étrangère
Vol. 70, No. 1 (PRINTEMPS 2005), pp. 49-59
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42713640
Page Count: 11
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Abstract

La communauté musulmane issue de l'immigration aux États-Unis s'intègre désormais pleinement dans le processus de déprivatisation du religieux. Le 11 septembre la fait sortir des « enclaves » constituées dans les années 1960 pour sauvegarder une identité, afin de devenir un acteur du débat public. La contradiction demeure pourtant entre l'islam inséré dans le jeu multireligieux américain, et l'islam dénoncé et combattu par la politique étrangère américaine. In the United States, Islam is becoming today a "public religion". The first Muslim organizations established in North America have been influenced by the ideologies of political Islam, but have in the 1980s opened up to the idea of their political participation in the American system. In the 1990s, the Federal State initiated a symbolic recognition of American Islam at a time when foreign Islamic groups started to become the "enemy". Torn between these two representations of Islam, American Muslims have had to reinvent their discourse in order to fit within American definitions of pluralism.

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