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Effects of Carbohydrate on the Internal Oxygen Concentration, Oxygen Uptake, and Nitrogenase Activity in Detached Pea Nodules
Jonathan D. Monroe and Thomas A. LaRue
Vol. 91, No. 2 (Oct., 1989), pp. 603-609
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4272396
Page Count: 7
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Nodules, Peas, Soybeans, Oxygen, Diffusion resistance, Starvation, Bacteroids, Tissue oxygenation, Plants, Carbon
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The interaction between carbon substrates and O2 and their effects on nitrogenase activity (C2H2) were examined in detached nodules of pea (Pisum sativum L. cv "Sparkle"). The internal O2 concentration was estimated from the fractional oxygenation of leghemoglobin measured by reflectance spectroscopy. Lowering the endogenous carbohydrate content of nodules by excising the shoots 16 hours before nodule harvest or by incubating detached nodules at 100 kPa O2 for 2 hours resulted in a 2- to 10-fold increase in internal O2, and a decline in nitrogenase activity. Conversely, when detached nodules were supplied with 100 millimolar succinate, the internal O2 was lowered. Nitrogenase activity was stimulated by succinate but only at high external O2. Oxygen uptake increased linearly with external O2 but was affected only slightly by the carbon treatments. The apparent diffusion resistance in the nodule cortex was similar in all of the treatments. Carbon substrates can thus affect nitrogenase activity indirectly by affecting the O2 concentration within detached nodules.
Plant Physiology © 1989 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)