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Effects of Carbohydrate on the Internal Oxygen Concentration, Oxygen Uptake, and Nitrogenase Activity in Detached Pea Nodules

Jonathan D. Monroe and Thomas A. LaRue
Plant Physiology
Vol. 91, No. 2 (Oct., 1989), pp. 603-609
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4272396
Page Count: 7
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Effects of Carbohydrate on the Internal Oxygen Concentration, Oxygen Uptake, and Nitrogenase Activity in Detached Pea Nodules
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Abstract

The interaction between carbon substrates and O2 and their effects on nitrogenase activity (C2H2) were examined in detached nodules of pea (Pisum sativum L. cv "Sparkle"). The internal O2 concentration was estimated from the fractional oxygenation of leghemoglobin measured by reflectance spectroscopy. Lowering the endogenous carbohydrate content of nodules by excising the shoots 16 hours before nodule harvest or by incubating detached nodules at 100 kPa O2 for 2 hours resulted in a 2- to 10-fold increase in internal O2, and a decline in nitrogenase activity. Conversely, when detached nodules were supplied with 100 millimolar succinate, the internal O2 was lowered. Nitrogenase activity was stimulated by succinate but only at high external O2. Oxygen uptake increased linearly with external O2 but was affected only slightly by the carbon treatments. The apparent diffusion resistance in the nodule cortex was similar in all of the treatments. Carbon substrates can thus affect nitrogenase activity indirectly by affecting the O2 concentration within detached nodules.

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