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Cross-Resistance of a Chlorsulfuron-Resistant Biotype of Stellaria media to a Triazolopyrimidine Herbicide
Linda M. Hall and Malcolm D. Devine
Vol. 93, No. 3 (Jul., 1990), pp. 962-966
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4272926
Page Count: 5
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Herbicides, Herbicide resistance, Plants, Cross resistance, Enzymes, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Binding sites, Weed control, Biosynthesis, Salmonella
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A biotype of Stellaria media (L.) Vill. has been identified that is highly resistant to the herbicide chlorsulfuron. Resistance is due to an altered acetolactate synthase (ALS) that is much less sensitive to chlorsulfuron than the ALS from the susceptible (S) biotype. The S biotype was extremely sensitive to D489 (N-[2,6-dichlorophenyl]-5,7-dimethyl-1,2,4-triazolo[1,5a]pyrimidine-2-sul fonamide), a member of a new class of triazolopyrimidine herbicides, while the chlorsulfuron-resistant biotype exhibited complete cross-resistance at both the whole plant and enzyme levels. ALS activity of the S biotype was reduced by approximately 90% in the presence of 0.1 micromolar D489, while that of the R biotype was reduced by less than 10%. This result suggests that the two herbicides share a common binding site on ALS. Only very slight cross-resistance at the ALS level was found to imazamethabenz, an imidazolinone herbicide.
Plant Physiology © 1990 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)