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Phosphorylation of Plant H2A Histones
George R. Green, Lisa C. Gustavsen and Dominic L. Poccia
Vol. 93, No. 3 (Jul., 1990), pp. 1241-1245
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4272969
Page Count: 5
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Phosphorylation of wheat (Triticum aestivum) and alfalfa (Medicago sativa) H2A histone variants was examined during early seedling growth. The C-terminal regions of wheat H2A variants contain multiple S-P tetrapeptides (serine-proline adjacent to a pair of basic amino acids) which resemble known phosphorylation sites in histones from other species. Phosphorylation of nucleosomal core histones was assessed by autoradiography of proteins labeled in vivo with 32Pi and resolved by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and phosphorylation sites were mapped by cleaving in vivo labeled H2A variants with N-bromosuccinimide. Essentially all phosphorylation of nucleosomal core histones in wheat and alfalfa seedlings occurred within the C-terminal peptides obtained from wheat and alfalfa H2A variants. A hypothesis accounting for the presence of large H2A and H2B histone variants in plants and phosphorylation of plant H2A C-terminal regions is proposed. The utility of S-P tetrapeptides for modulation of DNA-protein interactions is discussed.
Plant Physiology © 1990 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)