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Ethylene Production by Growing and Senescing Pear Fruit Cell Suspensions in Response to Gibberellin
Ruth Ben-Arie and Ian B. Ferguson
Vol. 95, No. 3 (Mar., 1991), pp. 943-947
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4273482
Page Count: 5
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A pear (Pyrus communis L. cv Passe Crassane) cell suspension was used as a model system to study the influence of gibberellin on processes related to fruit ripening. Growth of the cell cultures was inhibited and their loss of viability was accelerated when 0.5 millimolar gibberllic acid (GA3) was added to suspensions at two stages of cell development, namely, growth and quiescence. Cell respiration rate was unaffected up to 2 millimolar GA3 but ethylene production, both basal and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid-induced, was inhibited at all stages of cell development. However, the degree of inhibition decreased as the cell cultures aged. The site of ethylene inhibition by GA3 appeared to be related to the ethylene-forming enzyme. The coincident acceleration of cell senescence and inhibition of ethylene production indicate that the pear cell suspension cannot serve as an analogous model for studying the mode of action of gibberellin in delaying ripening and senescence of fruits in its entirety, although certain specific effects might be relevant.
Plant Physiology © 1991 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)