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Dependency of Iron Reduction on Development of a Unique Root Morphology in Ficus benjamina L.
Claire-Lise Rosenfield, David W. Reed and Matthew W. Kent
Vol. 95, No. 4 (Apr., 1991), pp. 1120-1124
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4273514
Page Count: 5
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Plant roots, Plants, pH, Root hairs, Root systems, Plant morphology, Nutrient solutions, Acetates, Rhizosphere, Root tips
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The activity of the Fe3+ reductase of excised adventitious roots of Ficus benjamina L., grown in hydroponic culture without iron, was determined by a colorometric assay simplified by the use of a microplate reader. Reductase activity remained the same from pH 4.5 to 6.5 and decreased sharply above pH 6.5. Acetate buffer inhibited reduction. During early stages of root growth, excised roots did not exhibit Fe3+ reductase activity. After several weeks and extensive root system development, Fe3+ reduction still was not detectable in primary roots, but intermediate and high rates of reduction occurred in lateral and newly formed root clusters, respectively. Clustered roots only developed on plants grown at 0 or very low (<1 micromolar) iron. Microscopic examination revealed the root cluster to be composed of up to 30 lateral roots, usually less than 1 millimeter in diameter and 1 centimeter in length, that were completely covered with root hairs.
Plant Physiology © 1991 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)