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Solubilization, Partial Purification, and Reconstitution of the Glycolate/Glycerate Transporter from Chloroplast Inner Envelope Membranes

Konrad T. Howitz and Richard E. McCarty
Plant Physiology
Vol. 96, No. 4 (Aug., 1991), pp. 1060-1069
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4273724
Page Count: 10
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Solubilization, Partial Purification, and Reconstitution of the Glycolate/Glycerate Transporter from Chloroplast Inner Envelope Membranes
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Abstract

The glycolate/glycerate transporter of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) chloroplast inner envelope membranes was solubilized by treatment of the membranes with sodium cholate. Mixtures of the cholate extracts and soy asolectin were subjected to gel filtration to remove the detergent. The reconstituted vesicles were frozen, thawed, and sonicated in a buffer that contained 10 millimolar D-glycerate and, usually, [3H]sucrose as an internal space indicator. The dilution of the vesicles into a medium that contained 0.4 millimolar [14C]D-glycerate resulted in a rapid accumulation of labeled glycerate, followed by a much slower loss of [14C]D-glycerate from the vesicles. This behavior is characteristic of counterflow. The accumulation of [14C]D-glycerate was strongly inhibited by HgCl2, which blocks glycolate/glycerate transport in intact chloroplasts. In the absence of proton ionophores, the extent of [14C]glycolate accumulation under similar conditions was much greater than that of [14C]D-glycerate. External glycolate inhibited D-glycerate counterflow and external D-glycerate inhibited glycolate counterflow. The external pH dependence of the efflux of [14C]D-glycerate accumulated in vesicles by counterflow and its inhibition by external L-mandelate are characteristics displayed by glycolate transport in intact chloroplasts. Partial purification of the transporter was achieved by glycerol gradient centrifugation. The solubilized glycolate and glycerate counterflow activities, assayed by reconstitution into vesicles, were found to sediment similarly.

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