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L'evoluzione dei sistemi politici delle "tigri" asiatiche: tendenze, consolidamento e prospettive future

Chiara D'Auria
Rivista di Studi Politici Internazionali
Vol. 72, No. 1 (285) (Gennaio-Marzo 2005), pp. 65-84
Published by: Maria Grazia Melchionni
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42741520
Page Count: 20
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L'evoluzione dei sistemi politici delle "tigri" asiatiche: tendenze, consolidamento e prospettive future
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Abstract

This essay proposes to analyse the evolution of the economic and political systems of the so called Southeast Asian tigers, a subject that has been gradually assuming a central position in the context of the academic and scientific research. Due to their incredible economic performance, started at the end of the Eighties, these countries have partially faced a progressive adaptation of their political institutions to more democratic instances, but without the consensus and the acknowledgement of the masses on the participation to the political arena. The essay tires to understand the reasons of this socio-politic phenomenon, often been explained with the theory of the Asian way or Asian values, which implies the prevalence of common interests (the goal of the economic growth) on the individual ones (the respect of fundamental political and civil rights). An authoritarian democracy is present in some countries of the area (Singapore and Malaysia), whereas in others (the Philippines and Thailand) there is a formal democracy or a real dictatorship (Indonesia), in spite of a stronger economy and a consolidated market. The main reason of this discrepancy is in the nature of the five tigers' development, not always been accompanied on a fully and complete démocratisation, mostly because of the hss of consciousness of the civil society and the prevalence of the army.

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