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Correlations between the 13C Content of Primary and Secondary Plant Products in Different Cell Compartments and That in Decomposing Basidiomycetes
Gerd Gleixner, Hans-Jürgen Danier, Roland Anton Werner and Hanns-Ludwig Schmidt
Vol. 102, No. 4 (Aug., 1993), pp. 1287-1290
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4275324
Page Count: 4
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Relative carbon isotope ratio (δ 13C values) of primary and secondary products from different compartments of annual plants, pine needles, wood, and decomposing Basidiomycetes have been determined. An enrichment in 13C was found for storage tissues of annual plants, because of the high level of the primary storage products sucrose and starch; however, the enrichment was even greater in leaf starch. All of these compounds had the same relative 13C enrichment in positions 3 and 4 of glucose. Secondary products in conifer needles (lignin, lipids) were depleted in 13C by 1 to 2 ‰ relative to carbohydrates from the same origin. Air pollution caused a small decrease in δ 13C values; however, the relative content of plant products, especially of the soluble polar compounds, was also affected. Decomposing fungi showed a global accumulation of 13C by 4‰ relative to their substrates in wood. Their chitin was enriched by 2‰ relative to the cellulose of the wood. Hence, Basidiomycetes preferentially metabolize "light" molecules, whereas "heavy" molecules are preferentially polymerized. Our results are discussed on the basis of a kinetic isotope effect on the fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase reaction and of metabolic branching on the level of the triose phosphates with varying substrate fluxes.
Plant Physiology © 1993 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)