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Potential Dry Matter and Water Import Rates in the Tomato Fruit in Relationship to Fruit Size

P. BUSSIÈRES
Annals of Botany
Vol. 72, No. 1 (July 1993), pp. 63-72
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42758890
Page Count: 10
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Potential Dry Matter and Water Import Rates in the Tomato Fruit in Relationship to Fruit Size
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Abstract

The tomato fruit was compared to a sphere with a radius R. Radial growth rates in the fruit (FIW and FID) due to water import or to dry matter import, respectively, which are also the water import rate or dry matter import rate per unit surface area of fruit, were calculated from two sets of published results. This data referred to fruits which swelled in such a way that the availability of assimilates had little effect on growth. Two varieties differentiated the two series of results and in one series, three trials were differentiated by the salinity of the nutrient solution. In all trials, it was found that FIW and FID decreased when R increased. Two phases were observed for FIW: after a first phase, FIW decreased more quickly and almost linearly when R increased. FID was constant or decreased with respect to R. Except at the beginning of growth at the greatest salinity, there were clearly linear regressions between FIW and FID such as FID = aFIW —b; where b was lower with higher salinity. The changes of the concentration of imported dry matter (FID/FIW) were examined in terms of R and FIW/R. The mechanisms controlling the changes in FIW and FID were discussed. The results suggested fruit radius was an important parameter of these mechanisms. Thus, water import rate and dry matter import rate could each be considered to be the product of two factors: fruit surface area, which is directly dependent on fruit radius, and water import rate or dry matter import rate per unit of fruit surface area.

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