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The Competence of Maize Shoot Meristems for Integrative Transformation and Inherited Expression of Transgenes

Heng Zhong, Baolin Sun, Donald Warkentin, Shibo Zhang, Ray Wu, Tiyun Wu and Mariam B. Sticklen
Plant Physiology
Vol. 110, No. 4 (Apr., 1996), pp. 1097-1107
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4277092
Page Count: 11
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Competence of Maize Shoot Meristems for Integrative Transformation and Inherited Expression of Transgenes
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Abstract

We have developed a novel and reproducible system for recovery of fertile transgenic maize (Zea mays L.) plants. The transformation was performed using microprojectile bombardment of cultured shoot apices of maize with a plasmid carrying two linked genes, the Streptomyces hygroscopicus phosphinothricin acetyltransferase gene (bar) and the potato proteinase inhibitor II gene, either alone or in combination with another plasmid containing the 5′ region of the rice actin 1 gene fused to the Escherichia coli β-glucuronidase gene (gus). Bombarded shoot apices were subsequently multiplied and selected under 3 to 5 mg/L glufosinate ammonium. Co-transformation frequency was 100% (146/146) for linked genes and 80% (41/51) for unlinked genes. Co-expression frequency of the bar and gus genes was 57% (29/51). The co-integration, co-inheritance, and co-expression of bar, the potato proteinase inhibitor II gene, and gus in transgenic R0, R1, and R2 plants were confirmed. Localized expression of the actin 1-GUS protein in the R0 and R1 plants was extensively analyzed by histochemical and fluorometric assays.

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