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The Arabidopsis ACT7 Actin Gene Is Expressed in Rapidly Developing Tissues and Responds to Several External Stimuli

John M. McDowell, Yong-qiang An, Shurong Huang, Elizabeth C. McKinney and Richard B. Meagher
Plant Physiology
Vol. 111, No. 3 (Jul., 1996), pp. 699-711
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4277214
Page Count: 13
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Arabidopsis ACT7 Actin Gene Is Expressed in Rapidly Developing Tissues and Responds to Several External Stimuli
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Abstract

ACT7 encodes one of the six distinct and ancient subclasses of actin protein in the complex Arabidopsis actin gene family. We determined the sequence and structure of the Arabidopsis thaliana ACT7 actin gene and investigated its tissue-specific expression and regulation. The ACT7 mRNA levels varied by 128-fold among several different tissues and organs. The highest levels of ACT7 mRNA were found in rapidly expanding vegetative organs, the lowest in pollen. A translational fusion with the 5′ end of ACT7 (1.9 kb) joined to the β-glucuronidase reporter gene was strongly and preferentially expressed in all young, developing vegetative tissues of transgenic Arabidopsis plants. ACT7 was the only Arabidopsis actin gene strongly expressed in the hypocotyl and seed coat. Although no β-glucuronidase expression was seen in developing ovules or immature seeds, strong expression was seen in dry seeds and immediately after imbibition in the entire seedling. ACT7 was the only Arabidopsis actin gene to respond strongly to auxin, other hormone treatments, light regime, and wounding, and may be the primary actin gene responding to external stimuli. The ACT7 promoter sequence contains a remarkable number of motifs with sequence similarity to putative phytohormone response elements.

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