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VENTAJAS COMPARATIVAS, CRECIMIENTO Y COMERCIO EXTERIOR DE MÉXICO

Julio López G.
Investigación Económica
Vol. 57, No. 222 (octubre-diciembre, 1997), pp. 47-72
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42777477
Page Count: 26
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
VENTAJAS COMPARATIVAS, CRECIMIENTO Y COMERCIO EXTERIOR DE MÉXICO
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Abstract

Este trabajo tiene como objetivo fundamental presentar argumentos acerca de los beneficios de aprovechar las ventajas comparativas, utilizando un marco teórico no neoclásico, sino inspirado en la teoría de Michal Kalecki, desarrollada para una economía socialista. A la vez, se presenta y discute alguna evidencia respecto de si México ha aprovechado en el pasado, y está aprovechando hoy después de la apertura, sus ventajas comparativas. En el trabajo se demuestra que efectivamente el aprovechamiento de las ventajas comparativas en una economía en donde existe abundante fuerza de trabajo desempleada, y en donde por tanto esas ventajas residen en la fabricación de bienes intensivos en trabajo, permitirá obtener ritmos de crecimiento mayores, con niveles de consumo más altos y menores requerimientos de inversión. Se muestra también que México no ha aprovechado en el pasado, y no está aprovechando hoy, sus ventajas comparativas. The fundamental aim of this study is to present arguments about the benefits of making the most of the comparative advantages. The study uses a theoretical framework that is not neo-classical, but rather inspired by the theory of Michal Kalecki, which was developed for a socialist economy. At the same time, the study also presents and discusses some evidence as to whether Mexico has, in the past, actually made the most of its comparative advantages, and whether it is doing so now since the opening of its market to foreign trade. The study that, in effect, making the most of the comparative advantages in an economy where there is abundant unemployed labour, and where as a result these advantages lie in the manufacture of labour-intensive goods, will allow rates of higher growth, with higher consumption levels and lower investment requirements. The article also shows that Mexico has not made the most of its comparative advantages in the past, and is not doing so now.

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