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Characterization of Antisense Transformed Plants Deficient in the Tobacco Anionic Peroxidase
L. Mark Lagrimini, Vicki Gingas, Fernando Finger, Steven Rothstein and Ting-Ting Y. Liu
Vol. 114, No. 4 (Aug., 1997), pp. 1187-1196
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4277818
Page Count: 10
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Plants, Lignin, Plant growth, Antisense RNA, Enzymes, Transgenic plants, Lignification, RNA, Plant cells, Polymers
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On the basis of the biological compounds that they metabolize, plant peroxidases have long been implicated in plant growth, cell wall biogenesis, lignification, and host defenses. Transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) plants that underexpress anionic peroxidase were generated using antisense RNA. The antisense RNA was found to be specific for the anionic isoenzyme and highly effective, reducing endogenous transcript levels and total peroxidase activity by as much as 1600-fold. Antisense-transformed plants appeared normal at initial observation; however, growth studies showed that plants with reduced peroxidase activity grow taller and flower sooner than control plants. In contrast, previously transformed plants overproducing anionic peroxidase were shorter and flowered later than controls. Axillary buds were more developed in antisense-transformed plants and less developed in plants overproducing this enzyme. It was found that the lignin content in leaf, stem, and root was unchanged in antisense-transformed plants, which does not support a role for anionic peroxidase in the lignification of secondary xylem vessels. However, studies of wounded tissue show some reduction in wound-induced deposition of lignin-like polymers. The data support a possible role for tobacco anionic peroxidase in host defenses but not without a reduction in growth potential.
Plant Physiology © 1997 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)