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Medición del comercio intraindustrial no maquilador de México

Maritza Sotomayor
Investigación Económica
Vol. 68, No. 268 (abril-junio de 2009), pp. 39-68
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42778260
Page Count: 30
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Medición del comercio intraindustrial no maquilador de México
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Abstract

El propósito de este artículo es la medición de los índices bilaterales de comercio intraindustrial de la industria manufacturer no maquiladora de México en el marco del Tratado de Libre Comercio de America del Norte (TLCAN) para periodo 1994-2006. En este trabajo se sostiene la pertinencia de aislar el contenido del componente maquilador de los flujos de comercio exterior, ya que este corresponde a un intercambio de bienes en diversas etapas de production, mientras que el comercio intraindustrial se analiza y cuantifica como el comercio de bienes que pertenecen a una misma etapa productive. Asimismo, se estiman los indices de comercio intraindustrial marginales y se verifica si el tlcan ha sido utíl para fomentar un comercio de doble vía. En ese entendido, se ofrece una medicion ajustada de los índices considerando además la diferenciación respecto de su naturaleza horizontal y vertical. Se comprueba que el comercio bilateral mexicano ha sido basicamente vertical y se ha concentrado en un reducido número de sectores industriales. Todo ello cuestiona los efectos positivos esperados de un entorno de integración comercial. The purpose of this article is to measure the bilateral intra-industry trade (IIT) indices for the non-maquila industry of Mexico in context of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) from 1994 to 2006. In this work we insist on the significance of differentiating the maquiladora component from external trade flows, since the maquila trade corresponds to an interchange of goods in different stages of production, while the IIT has been analyzed and measured as the trade of goods that belong to the same stage of production. In addition, we estimate the marginal IIT indices to verify whether nafta has supported two-way trade. In that analysis, we offer an adjusted estimation of these indices, also taking into account the differentiation regarding their horizontal and vertical nature. Our results show that Mexican bilateral trade has been mainly of a vertical nature and has been concentrated in a small number of industrial sectors. This makes the expected positive effects in a trade integration context questionable.

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