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Assessment of Enzyme Induction and Aerenchyma Formation as Mechanisms for Flooding Tolerance in Trifolium subterraneum 'Park'
SAMIRA ASCHI-SMITI, WIDED CHAÏBI, RENAUD BROUQUISSE, BÉRÉNICE RICARD and PIERRE SAGLIO
Annals of Botany
Vol. 91, No. 2, SPECIAL ISSUE: Flooding and Plant Growth (January 2003), pp. 195-204
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42801211
Page Count: 10
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The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of enzyme induction and aerenchyma formation in prolonged tolerance to soil flooding in a variety of underground clover (Trifolium subterraneum 'Park') previously selected for resistance. Seedlings were grown in hydroponic tanks, initially with aeration for 3 weeks and subsequently in the absence of aeration for up to 3 weeks. After 1 h in the absence of aeration, the oxygen concentration in the hydroponic medium had decreased to 1-5 %. During the 3 weeks of extreme oxygen deficiency, primary roots died and were replaced by considerable numbers of adventitious roots. Activities of many glycolytic and fermentative enzymes increased in adventitious roots. Excised adventitious roots were capable of immediate induction of ethanol in the absence of lactate production, in association with energy charge higher than that in excised roots of aerobically maintained controls. Energy charge was even higher when measured in adventitious roots in planta. Interestingly, haemoglobin protein could be correlated with energy charge. Aerenchyma was readily visualized in adventitious roots by optical microscopy of longitudinal and transverse sections. We conclude that avoidance of root anoxia via aerenchyma is the major mechanism for prolonged root tolerance in Trifolium subterraneum 'Park'.
Annals of Botany © 2003 Oxford University Press