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Identification, Purification, and Characterization of a Thermally Stable Lipase from Rice Bran. A New Member of the (Phospho) Lipase Family

Kanchan Bhardwaj, Aruna Raju and Ram Rajasekharan
Plant Physiology
Vol. 127, No. 4 (Dec., 2001), pp. 1728-1738
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4280242
Page Count: 11
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Identification, Purification, and Characterization of a Thermally Stable Lipase from Rice Bran. A New Member of the (Phospho) Lipase Family
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Abstract

A thermally stable lipase (EC 3.1.1.3.) was first identified in rice (Oryza sativa) bran, and the enzyme was purified to homogeneity using octyl-Sepharose chromatography. The enzyme was purified to 7.6-fold with the final specific activity of 0.38 μmol min-1 mg-1 at 80°C using [9,10-3H]triolein as a substrate. The purified enzyme was found to be a glycoprotein of 9.4 kD. Enzyme showed a maximum activity at 80°C and at pH 11.0. The protein was biologically active and retained most of its secondary structure even at 90°C as judged by the enzymatic assays and far-ultraviolet circular dichroism spectroscopy, respectively. Differential scanning calorimetric studies indicated that the transition temperature was 76°C and enthalpy 1.3 × 105 Calorie mol-1 at this temperature. The purified lipase also exhibited phospholipase A2 activity. Colocalization of both the hydrolytic activities in reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and isoelectric focusing showed that the dual activity was associated with a single protein. Further, a direct interaction between both the substrates and the purified protein was demonstrated by photoaffinity labeling, using chemically synthesized analogs of triolein and phosphatidylcholine (PC). Apparent Km for triolein (6.71 mM) was higher than that for PC (1.02 mM). The enzyme preferentially hydrolyzed the sn-2 position of PC, whereas it apparently exhibited no positional specificity toward triacylglycerol. Diisopropyl fluorophosphate inhibited both lipase and phospholipase activities of the purified enzyme. This enzyme is a new member from plants in the family of lipases capable of hydrolyzing phospholipids.

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