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ALGUNAS EVIDENCIAS DE LA SUPEREXPLOTACIÓN EN LOS PAÍSES SUBDESARROLLADOS. ACTUALIDAD DEL PENSAMIENTO DE MARINI

B. Gloria Martínez González
Investigación Económica
Vol. 59, No. 230 (octubre-diciembre, 1999), pp. 149-168
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42842403
Page Count: 20
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
ALGUNAS EVIDENCIAS DE LA SUPEREXPLOTACIÓN EN LOS PAÍSES SUBDESARROLLADOS. ACTUALIDAD DEL PENSAMIENTO DE MARINI
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Abstract

Marx pensaba que en los países capitalistas más desarrollados la tasa de plusvalor era más alta que en los países menos desarrollados debido a que en aquéllos la productividad era mayor que en éstos. Más tarde Marini sugería, por su parte, que en los países menos desarrollados dicha tasa era mayor que en los más desarrollados a causa de sus dificultades para incrementar la productividad. En este trabajo presentamos resultados que muestran que la tasa de plusvalor en países subdesarrollados y menos productivos es más alta que la correspondiente de países desarrollados y más productivos y que dentro de cada bloque de países, cuanto mayor es la productividad, mayor es la tasa de plusvalor. Marx thought that the rate of unearned increment in the more developed capitalist countries was greater than that in less developed capitalist countries, due to the fact that production in the former was greater than in the latter. Marini later suggested the contrary: that in less developed countries, the incidence of exploitation was greater than in more developed countries, because of the difficulties less developed countries have in increasing productivity. This paper presents results which demonstrate that Marini was correct but that Marx was partially right also: countries in the under-developed bloc are in fact more exploited than the more developed countries, but, within each bloc, greater productivity gives a greater rate of unearned increment, which is what Marx stated.

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