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SOME IMPLICATIONS OF BIAS IN PEER REVIEW: A SIMULATION-BASED ANALYSIS

Lee SIGELMAN and Marcia Lynn WHICKER
Social Science Quarterly
Vol. 68, No. 3 (September 1987), pp. 494-509
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42862278
Page Count: 16
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Abstract

A model of the peer review process in the evaluation of manuscripts submitted for publication in a scholarly journal is formulated, and the implications of the model are examined. The simulation focuses on various biases, including conventionality on the part of reviewers and tendencies for editors to extend preferential treatment to work that is similar to their own and to accord preferential treatment to prestigious authors.

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