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Effect of 2,4-Diacetylphloroglucinol Producing, Overproducing, and Nonproducing Pseudomonas fluorescens F113 in the Rhizosphere of Pea

D. C. Naseby and J. M. Lynch
Microbial Ecology
Vol. 42, No. 2 (Aug., 2001), pp. 193-200
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4287516
Page Count: 8
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Effect of 2,4-Diacetylphloroglucinol Producing, Overproducing, and Nonproducing Pseudomonas fluorescens F113 in the Rhizosphere of Pea
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Abstract

Pseudomonas fluorescens F113lacZY and modified strains carrying different function modifications were assessed for their impact in the rhizosphere of pea. Strain F113lacZY naturally produces the anti-fungal metabolite 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (Phl) useful in plant disease control. The first modified strain of F113 was repressed in production of Phl, creating the Phl negative strain F113G22. The second was a plasmid based overproducer of Phl (F113Rif (pCUGP)). Both the F113lacZY and the F113Rif (pCUGP) strains increased the rhizoplane fungal populations, whereas the same strains reduced the rhizosphere soil fungal populations with respect to the control. Similar results were found with the rhizoplane and rhizosphere soil bacterial populations. The F113G22 treatment resulted in a significantly greater indigenous fluorescent Pseudomonas population than the F113lacZY and F113Rif (pCUGP) treatments and a greater total Pseudomonas population than the control, F113lacZY, and F113Rif (pCUGP) treatments. Overproduction of Phl did not affect the establishment of the introduced Pseudomonas population. None of the inocula displaced the indigenous populations, but the F113G22 inocula had an additive effect on the total Pseudomonas population. P (phosphatase), S (sulphatase), and N (urease) cycle enzyme activities were increased while C (glucosidase, NAGase) cycle activities were decreased by the F113lacZY and F113Rif (pCUGP) treatments, suggesting C leakage from the roots. Overall, most effects of inoculation compared to the wild type were found with the non-Phl-producing strain. Overproduction of Phl had little environmental effect in relation to wild-type inocula.

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