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Noncontingent Reinforcement as Treatment for Tub-Standing in a Toddler
Ryan D. Ward and Thomas S. Higbee
Education and Treatment of Children
Vol. 31, No. 2 (May 2008), pp. 213-222
Published by: West Virginia University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42899974
Page Count: 10
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Functional analysis, Toys, City squares, Mental stimulation, Developmental disabilities, Psychological reinforcement, Toddlers, Child development, Children, Therapeutic baths
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The present case study investigated whether the tub-standing of a typically-developing toddler could be reduced by a noncontingent reinforcement procedure. The results of a brief functional analysis suggested that tub-standing was maintained by automatic reinforcement. Noncontingent reinforcement, consisting of presentation of bath toys on a fixed-time schedule, was effective in reducing the number of tub-stands per session. These results suggest that noncontingent reinforcement can be successfully applied to problem behavior in typically-developing children in naturalistic settings.
Education and Treatment of Children © 2008 West Virginia University Press