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Noncontingent Reinforcement as Treatment for Tub-Standing in a Toddler

Ryan D. Ward and Thomas S. Higbee
Education and Treatment of Children
Vol. 31, No. 2 (May 2008), pp. 213-222
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42899974
Page Count: 10
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Noncontingent Reinforcement as Treatment for Tub-Standing in a Toddler
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Abstract

The present case study investigated whether the tub-standing of a typically-developing toddler could be reduced by a noncontingent reinforcement procedure. The results of a brief functional analysis suggested that tub-standing was maintained by automatic reinforcement. Noncontingent reinforcement, consisting of presentation of bath toys on a fixed-time schedule, was effective in reducing the number of tub-stands per session. These results suggest that noncontingent reinforcement can be successfully applied to problem behavior in typically-developing children in naturalistic settings.

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