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Characterization of the Transposition Pattern of the Ac Element in Arabidopsis thaliana Using Endonuclease I-SceI
Chiyoko Machida, Hitoshi Onouchi, Jun Koizumi, Susumu Hamada, Endang Semiarti, Satomi Torikai and Yasunori Machida
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 94, No. 16 (Aug. 5, 1997), pp. 8675-8680
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42916
Page Count: 6
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We have investigated physical distances and directions of transposition of the maize transposable element Ac in Arabidopsis thaliana. We prepared a transferred DNA (T-DNA) construct that carried a non-autonomous derivative of Ac with a site for cleavage by endonuclease I-SceI (designated dAc-I-RS element). Another cleavage site was also introduced into the T-DNA region outside dAc-I-RS. Three transgenic Arabidopsis plants were generated, each of which had a single copy of the T-DNA at a different chromosomal location. These transgenic plants were crossed with the Arabidopsis that carried the gene for Ac transposase and progeny in which dAc-I-RS had been transposed were isolated. After digestion of the genomic DNA of these progeny with endonuclease I-SceI, sizes of segment of DNA were determined by pulse-field gel electrophoresis. We also performed linkage analysis for the transposed elements and sites of mutations near the elements. Our results showed that 50% of all transposition events had occurred within 1,700 kb on the same chromosome, with 35% within 200 kb, and that the elements transposed in both directions on the chromosome with roughly equal probability. The data thus indicate that the Ac-Ds system is most useful for tagging of genes that are present within 200 kb of the chromosomal site of Ac in Arabidopsis. In addition, determination of the precise localization of the transposed dAc-I-RS element should definitely assist in map-based cloning of genes around insertion sites.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1997 National Academy of Sciences