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Continuous Dilution Culture System for Studies on Gene-Enzyme Regulation in Synchronous Cultures of Plant Cells
Robert R. Schmidt
Vol. 10, No. 5/6 (Nov. - Dec., 1974), pp. 306-320
Published by: Society for In Vitro Biology
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4291820
Page Count: 15
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Cell cycle, Daughter cells, Enzymes, Cultured cells, Plant cells, Mother cells, Cell growth, Genes, Animal cells, Cell culture techniques
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A thermophilic species of Chlorella was used as a model for higher eucaryotic cells in the development of a continuous dilution system for maintenance of nearly constant environmental conditions during synchronous growth of cells cultured at high concentrations. An equilibrium (isopycnic) centrifugation procedure for selection of large numbers of highly synchronous daughter cells in Ficoll density gradients was also developed. By use of these two procedures, it was possible to show that genes of both inducible and biosynthetic enzymes are continuously available for transcription during the eucaryotic cell cycle. Moreover, with programmed changes in the culture conditions during synchronous growth, it was possible to change step patterns of biosynthetic enzymes to continuous patterns and vice versa. These results, coupled with studies with inhibitors of protein and RNA synthesis, indicate that gene transcription in at least some eucaryotes is responsive to changes in the external environment throughout the cell cycle.
In Vitro © 1974 Society for In Vitro Biology