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In vitro Studies on the Anatomy and Morphology of Bud Regeneration in Melon Cotyledons
V. Gaba, E. Schlarman, C. Elman, O. Sagee, A. A. Watad and D. J. Gray
In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Plant
Vol. 35, No. 1 (Jan. - Feb., 1999), pp. 1-7
Published by: Society for In Vitro Biology
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4293151
Page Count: 7
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The anatomy and morphology of bud regeneration were investigated in melon (Cucumis melo L.) cv. Galia, which regenerates in vitro only by direct organogenesis from the cotyledon explant. Explants were cut from the cotyledon proximal to the apex from 3-d-old in vitro seedlings. After 3 d on Murashige and Skoog medium with $N^6-benzyladenine$, cell division can be observed in the epidermal layer on the adaxial side in the center of the explant, near the most proximal (wounded) cut edge. Over the next week, the area of the meristem increases laterally. Additional cell layers are added to the meristematic area by cell division in the epidermis. In places the epidermis remains active in cell division. Alongside those active areas there are zones where the epidermis has become inactive, although the subepidermal layers continue to divide. In transverse section, the explant now has small protuberances on the adaxial surface. After 10 d on cytokinin-containing medium, the first signs of development are visible on the adaxial surface adjacent to the proximal cut edge. The protuberances observed after 10 d are neither primordia nor buds, although some meristematic bulges are observed. The first regenerated shoot buds are observed histologically after 15 d, by which time the surface has many protuberances and some small leaves. The first shoot is found by histology after 22 d. By this time the surface is covered with protrusions and leaves, mostly without accompanying buds. The leaves may be produced from the protrusions initially visible after 10 d.
In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Plant © 1999 Society for In Vitro Biology