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GROWTH AND ION UPTAKE BY MAIZE SEEDLINGS ON SOLUTIONS VARIABLE IN CALCIUM AND FLOW RATE

S. A. SABET and M. A. ABDEL SALAM
Plant and Soil
Vol. 24, No. 3 (June 1966), pp. 467-472
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42932205
Page Count: 6
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GROWTH AND ION UPTAKE BY MAIZE SEEDLINGS ON SOLUTIONS VARIABLE IN CALCIUM AND FLOW RATE
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Abstract

Growth and ion uptake by maize seedlings was studied as functions of calcium concentration and rate of flow of nutrient solutions. With calcium concentrations established at 1, 10, and 100 ppm Ca, all other nutrients being kept at constant concentration, the solutions passed through narrow culture trays at velocities of 2, 8, and 24 liter/day. Fresh and dry weights of seedlings increased as the concentration of calcium increased from 1 to 10 or 100 ppm for any value of V. Positive response in the plant calcium content was particularly noticed when Ca increased to 100 ppm in the nutrient solution. Phosphorus content of tops decreased with increasing (Ca) in the nutrient solution, while the other elements were more or less unaffected. In the case of roots, phosphorus was generally increased, iron decreased and potassium showed inconsistent trends. Estimates of the uptake efficiency relative to calcium were made by calculating the ratio of the amount of calcium taken up by the entire seedling to the product of calcium concentration and daily flow rate of the solution. It appears that the uptake efficiency diminishes with increasing flow rate. Other instances points to the maintenance of the same uptake efficiency as (Ca) increased with the decreasing V or vice versa. These observations point to the critical nature of environmental factors on the effective contacts between supply and uptake belts that have been adopted as model in this study.

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