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Effects of deep placement and surface application of urea on the yield of wetland rice in pot trials

A. B. ERIKSEN and S. NILSEN
Plant and Soil
Vol. 66, No. 1 (1982), pp. 29-36
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42933961
Page Count: 8
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Effects of deep placement and surface application of urea on the yield of wetland rice in pot trials
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Abstract

The effects of deep placement and surface application of urea fertilizer on the yield of rice grown in pots of alluvial clay soil covered with 5 cm water was studied under controlled conditions. Application of two levels of urea supergranules and prills (2 g and 4 g urea/0.1 m²) on the surface of submerged soil increased the vegetative growth and enhanced the grain yield as much as 85%. However, no difference in yield was found between urea prills applied in three split doses and one application of urea supergranules. Deep placement of two levels of urea supergranules in the soil at four different depths (2.5, 5.0, 10.0 and 15.0 cm) resulted in the highest yields. The fertilizer was most efficient when the highest concentration was placed in the soil at a depth of 5.0 cm. This application method increased the grain yield by. 20% as compared with the soil surface application.

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