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Use of chitin for controlling plant-parasitic nematodes: III. Influence of temperature on nematicidal effect, mineralization and microbial population buildup

Y. SPIEGEL, I. CHET, E. COHN, S. GALPER and EDNA SHARON
Plant and Soil
Vol. 109, No. 2 (July 1988), pp. 251-256
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42937562
Page Count: 6
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Use of chitin for controlling plant-parasitic nematodes: III. Influence of temperature on nematicidal effect, mineralization and microbial population buildup
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Abstract

Cabbage plants were grown in soil amended with Clandosan (CLA) prepared from crustacean chitin (0.3% w/w). The plants were maintained in constant temperature tanks set to 15° or 30°C, in soils naturally infested with cyst nematode Heterodera schachtii, or inoculated with the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne javanica, respectively. At 30°C, after the first month following inoculation, CLA caused an increase in top fresh weight of plants but no reduction in nematode—induced root galling was recorded. However, when fresh plants were planted, CLA induced a large reduction in gall formation and caused an increase in top fresh weight of nematode-inoculated plants. At 15°C, CLA significantly affected the plants only after 60 days: an increase in top fresh weight and a reduction in the number of eggs per cyst were recorded. Ammonium was not detected in soil after 30 days, at 30°C, whereas at 15°C, CLA-treated soil contained twice as much ammonium as non-treated soil. After 60 days, ammonium was not detected at all. After 30 days nitrate concentrations in soil attained higher values at 30°C than at 15°C, whereas after 60 days high levels were detected only at 15°C. At 30°C, CLA induced an increase in the number of fungi, chitinolytic bacteria, and total amount of bacteria; at 15°C, such an increase was detected only with the chitinolytic microorganisms.

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