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Micropropagation of Fig (Ficus carica L.) 'Roxo De Valinhos' Plants

Chrystiane Borges Fráguas, Moacir Pasqual, Leonardo Ferreira Dutra and Jairo Osvaldo Cazetta
In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Plant
Vol. 40, No. 5 (Sep. - Oct., 2004), pp. 471-474
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4293776
Page Count: 4
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Micropropagation of Fig (Ficus carica L.) 'Roxo De Valinhos' Plants
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Abstract

An in vitro protocol for Ficus carica cv. 'Roxo de Valinhos' was optimized. Nodal explants containing two buds were excised from field-grown mature plants, and transferred to different proliferation media consisting of combinations of distinct concentrations of activated charcoal with benzyladenine (BA), kinetin with gibberellic acid (GA3), and WPM (woody plant medium) with kinetin. The regular strength of WPM in combination with $0.5 mg l^{-1}$ kinetin was the best condition for shoot proliferation of Ficus carica 'Roxo de Valinhos' plants. The addition of activated charcoal in the medium completely inhibited shoot proliferation. The inclusion of BA in the medium induced excessive callus formation as well as small and vitrified shoots, while GA3 induced excessive elongation associated with vitrification, chlorosis, and tip-burned shoots.

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