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Genetic variation for VA mycorrhiza-dependent phosphate mobilisation in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

P.S. KESAVA RAO, K.V.B.R. TILAK and V. ARUNACHALAM
Plant and Soil
Vol. 122, No. 1 (February (II), 1990), pp. 137-142
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42938399
Page Count: 6
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Genetic variation for VA mycorrhiza-dependent phosphate mobilisation in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)
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Abstract

Nine cultivars of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) were grown in a soil poor in available N or P. There was clearly genetic variation of characteristics indicative of VA mycorrhiza-dependent phosphate mobilisation, namely, VA mycorrhiza fungal spore count (SC), percentage of infection (IF) by VA mycorrhizal fungi (VAMF) and acid and alkaline phosphatase activities. Among the cultivars, one was non-nodulating with low values for all characteristics and in another experiment, this non-nodulating cultivar, one of its parents (PI 259747), a national check (Robut 33-1) and the highest yielding cultivar among the original nine (NFG 7), were grown and investigated for various P-mobilising properties and yield. The linear regressio coefficient of pod yield on % VAMF infection was significant in both the experiments. Additionally, many of the correlation coefficients of pod yield and VAM dependent characteristics were positive and significant. From consideration of published evidence, it seems possible to breed for the desirable reinforcing effects of infestation, by VAMF and Rhizobium that can ultimately improve the productivity of groundnuts.

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